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If we consider the current situation of the Brazilian real estate market, we can concluded that the basic principle of financial, namely buy cheap and sell high, had been forgotten by Brazilian consumers, that are buying a property, right now, with prices at the top, with the fixed idea that property value will continue to appreciate over time. The story offers tire of pointing out examples of bubbles and how not to be a contributor (and, later, victim) of them, but It seems that Brazilian have distanced themselves from reality. After all the real estate market is a mirror of the current Brazilian economic situation, and by this, actually, the Brazilian real estate bubble is located in the commercial market, with empty commercial buildings. In residential sector, the dramatic situation of oversupply in many Brazilian cities, appears in its true dimension, and notes how the levels of prices are outside the reality of local income. This phenomenon is generalized, and it is since 2012 that builders offer discount, which can reach up to 35%. Higher construction costs, an increase in interest rates, price of property that grew much more than real income, difficult in obtain loan, result in a creation of a super stock, whose consequence is stalling construction in many cities, with decrease of new releases, and unemployment in the sector, that in a year rose from 6,4 to 9,4%.The bubble began to inflate because of the joint action of several factors. The allowance of MCMV program (a public subside to allow low-income families to buy a home), was obtained thanks to an artificial reduction of interest, an increase of the financing term, the signs of speculation based on the World Cup and Olympics, with rotten credit granted by builders to sell on the plant a large scale, with a default rate in the range of 20%.The rescissions and the competition in the delivery of homes fired from 2012, with an increase inflation forcing rising interest rates, which began to be transferred to the real estate finance. The visible result of all this was, the top five homebuilders in Brazil indebted, whose market price is lower than equity value, and with a stock equivalent to years of sales.The principal of this situation is the federal government, through its tax policies and stimulus to credit. The government's insistence on further heat an already heated housing market will only get worse the outcome. Current fiscal and monetary policies of the Brazilian government are clearly inflationary. Such policies inevitably will increase the cost of living in Brazil, and all other costs associated with the resurgence of inflation. When the Brazilian government will be obliged to increase the domestic interest rate, there will be a direct impact of this measure in real estate. So it will be Brazil's turn to deal with a crisis created solely by the bad management of fiscal and monetary policies of the Brazilian government. Market will not have been the creator of the crisis, but the government of Brazil.
Apart from being literate it is also important to be "financially literate" because 2/3rd of our lives is spent on earning, spending, saving and investing, for ourselves and for others. Given the uncertain times that we live in depending on bank fixed deposits, gold and/or real estate to build our wealth or reach our financial goals would be a futile attempt. It is time that we start looking beyond the obvious and start educating ourselves with the all important knowledge of managing our finances by understanding the opportunities. If we ignore or shy away from acquiring such knowledge there would be no one to blame except ourselves. There are several myths, misconceptions, prejudices and fear surrounding various asset classes that includes stocks, mutual funds and insurance which this book, stories weaved through conversational mode, endeavours to clear the haze by offering clarity over financial instruments answering several critical questions and can confidently say the content would enhance the knowledge on various financial products and services that is presented through lots of examples explained using simple language. The content can also be treated as a "self-help" book on simplifying the investment knowledge. The final outcome after reading the book would be the feeling of being an "informed investor."
Mainstream urban and real estate economics tend to ignore the supply side of the economy and to undervalue the significant role that the property market plays in the economic development of cities.
The Economics of Urban Property Markets is a cohesive analysis and synthesis of a wide range of factors that determine the regional development of cities. The book draws on institutional economics to explore the mechanisms, processes and dynamics through which the built environment is provided, and considers how these affect urban economic potential. The author advances the argument that the property market as an institution is a mediator through which economic potential can be realised and served.
This book is an invaluable resource for all students on urban and regional economics and built environment courses.
In March 1999, New York University Salomon Center in assocIatIOn with the Department of Finance at NYU Stern held a one-day conference on the impact of real estate cycles on the real estate industry both from a domestic as well as an international perspective. The conference featured the leading research on this topic in the United States, Europe and Asia. Currendy, the real estate industry is at a critical point. New development projects around the world are being put on hold given recent developments in the international capital markets. The industry is hard hit by the decline in real estate investment trust (REIT) share prices and a shrinkÂ ing pool of capital for real estate ventures. This has unfortunately coincided with serious financial problems of very large hedge funds and other institutional investors in the market for commercial mortgage backed securities. There is need for new insights into the implications of U. S. and global real estate cycles on real estate secuÂ rities including REITs and mortgage-backed securities as well as direct real estate investment. This global orientation is important given the high mobility of capital into the real estate, the increasing integration of real estate markets, and the proposed expanÂ sion of real estate investment trusts (REIT) into international real estate. The process of globalization has resulted in increased competition between cities for the attracÂ tion of investment.
The book addresses the issue of product market integration within the European Union (EU) from a multidisciplinary approach that ranges from economics to political science and sociology. Besides the contributions from academia the book also includes the perspectives of the European Commission - Directorate Industry and Enterprise, and of the business community, thus providing a comprehensive overview of the issue under analysis. The book is organized around three main themes: plural perspectives and assessments of current market integration in the EU, empirical analysis of trade and trade barriers within the EU, and discussion of today's challenges in market integration. As such, the book starts by assessing the functioning of the EU Internal Market and by evaluating the need for differentiated integration in an enlarged and increasingly heterogeneous EU. It then proceeds with three empirical studies relating to intra-EU trade, focusing on technical barriers, on the importance of institutional factors in explaining non-tariff protection, and on the consequences of legal and administrative regulations on trade opportunities. The book ends by presenting and discussing today's challenges to market integration in a globalized world as well as the role of the EU in shaping a new mode of governance in transatlantic market integration. Regulation and governance in integrated markets are recurrent topics in the various chapters. The book presents state-of-the art academic research on product market integration and given its multidisciplinary approach it has distinguishing features that make it unique in the literature.
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